Only by changing the old talent view can we solve the problem of "craftsman" gap.
the 3D industry authoritative report recently released said that the 2017 talent blue book "China talent development report (No.4)" showed that the gap of senior technicians in China was as high as tens of millions. The shortage of highly skilled talents is not a new topic, but it has not been effectively solved. Once mentioned, it will inevitably become a hot topic again
in recent years, with the continuous improvement of China's manufacturing industry, the desire for senior technicians has become increasingly urgent; In the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and other places, it is revealed every year that "it is difficult to find senior technicians for thousands of gold". Against this background, it is a kind of sadness and regret that "great country craftsmen" encounter a gap of 10million people. Why is it difficult to break through the bottleneck of the shortage of "big country craftsmen"? "The government does not attach importance to it", "the Chinese people lack 'craftsman spirit'" and "there are too few vocational education institutions"... Most people will blame such reasons
is this really the case? Just look at the 18th CPC National Congress, which reported the next work plan of the automobile lightweight Green Technology Alliance (the "China carbon fiber and composite industry alliance" initiated and established by the Ministry of industry and information technology of China). During the meeting, the Executive Secretary General of apimc and the executive chairman of ialta, Mr. Cao Du, met with Mr. xuezhongming, chairman of Sinoma. Since the founding of the people's Republic of China, the State Council has issued the decision on accelerating the development of modern vocational education, The "craftsman spirit" has been written into the government work reports several times. The Ministry of human resources and social security has issued the "13th five year plan" for skilled worker education. The Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of industry and information technology have jointly issued the "guidelines for the development of manufacturing talents". The "Chinese skills Award" is selected every year, and the "skilled worker shortage" continues to be the focus of the media... Obviously, the above reasons do not really explain the problem
why hasn't the "technician gap" been alleviated? There are two main reasons. On the one hand, the demand for highly skilled talents continues to increase in the process of national transformation and development; On the other hand, the decisive reason is that there is a knot in the hearts of the public that they are "unwilling or even disdain to be a mechanic"
the state attaches so much importance to it, the salary is so high, and the employment is so difficult. Why do people still not want to be skilled workers? The most important reason is that there is a deviation in the view of social talents, and the recognition and respect for technicians are not high. For a long time, in the minds of many people, college students are the "pronoun" of talents and decent work, while workers are the "pronoun" of "greasy hands, smelly sweat and low income". In recent years, although the State advocates strengthening vocational education, universities at all levels are also expanding their enrollment. Some universities even have the phenomenon that the enrollment quota is larger than the number of applicants, that is, as long as they sign up, they may be admitted. Therefore, no matter how difficult it is for college students to obtain employment, people are also willing to let their children receive college education. Only a few poor rural families tend to apply for vocational education schools
accompanied by the low social status and weak sense of identity of skilled talents, it is the single channel of career development, narrow space for growth and narrow growth mode. The specific performance is that no matter how much the monthly salary is, under the current system, the outlet of technicians is almost always fixed in the front line of the workshop. Heavy work and endless overtime often accompany their entire career. It is no wonder that a white-collar job with a monthly salary of threeorfour yuan can attract college students to rush, while a technician job with a salary of tens of thousands of yuan is ignored
in order to solve the "shortage of skilled workers", many enterprises and localities attract and motivate technical talents by means of heavy rewards and high salaries. What makes people helpless is that it is often difficult to recruit suitable talents with high salaries and heavy rewards. At the same time, however, many skilled workers applied to work abroad. In Australia, Canada, New Zealand and even Germany, Chinese high-tech talents have obtained work visas, covering welding, water and electricity, installation and other types of work. Why do Chinese technicians want to stay close and seek the future? In addition to the important reason of high economic returns, I am afraid that the social status of technical work abroad will not be inferior. For example, the profession of "water electrician" is very valuable in western developed countries
in a word, in order to fundamentally solve the "shortage of skilled workers", we must change the old concept of talents and create a society that values skills and respects skilled workers, which shows that the transition of materials from a ductile state to a brittle state will lead to an atmosphere. While increasing the income of skilled workers, we should pay more attention to breaking through the bottleneck of their growth channels, so that young people can see that being a skilled worker can live with dignity, career prospects and life hopes. Only in this way can we welcome the spring of skilled workers
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